Rising temperatures due to global warming will make it harder for many aircraft around the world to take off in coming decades, says a new study.
A new initiative accelerates Columbia’s commitment to advance knowledge and solve some of the greatest scientific challenges facing the world today.
Scientists have found evidence for a possible abrupt change in the Sahel, a region long characterized by aridity and political instability.
During the last glacial period, there were lakes under Antarctica’s ice sheet, which may have accelerated the retreat of glaciers in the past.
As the world warms due to climate change, shifts in global distribution of rainfall can be expected, impacting water resources across the planet.
The health and environmental benefits of U.S. clean air policies extend to global climate.
The widespread presence of seasonally flowing streams signals that the ice may be more vulnerable to melting than previously thought.
A report by Columbia University and Willis Re says that the average annual loss from severe convective storms was $11.23 billion for the period 2003-2015.
Changes in the annual summer monsoon that drops rain onto East Asia likely altered the course of early human cultures in China, say the authors of a new study.
Two scientists who untangled the forces that drive El Niño, the world’s most powerful weather cycle, won the 2017 Vetlesen Prize for achievement in Earth sciences.
Rainfall patterns in the Sahara during the six-thousand-year “Green Sahara” period have been revealed by analyzing marine sediments.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation announced a $3.7 million grant to Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory for research on changing patterns of sea ice in the Alaskan Arctic.
Evidence buried in Greenland’s bedrock shows that the Greenland Ice Sheet nearly disappeared for an extended time in the last million years or so.
23 million years ago, the Antarctic ice sheet was shrinking quickly. A new study by Lamont scientists sheds light on the cause of that ancient melt.
A new study says that human-induced climate change has doubled the area affected by forest fires in the U.S. West over the last 30 years.
As the Southwestern U.S. grows hotter, the risk of long-lasting megadroughts rises, passing 90% this century if greenhouse gas emissions continue at their current pace.
In a new study, Lamont’s Michael Previdi and Lorenzo Polvani found that the effect of rising temperatures on snowfall in Antarctica has so far been overshadowed by the frozen continent’s large natural climate variability.
Powerful tropical cyclones like the super typhoon that lashed Taiwan in July are expected to become even stronger as the planet warms.
A new study shows how Antarctic sea ice migration may be more important for the global ocean circulation than anyone realized.
A new study supplies the longest and most complete record of ancient plant life in much of what is now Ethiopia and Kenya, the assumed birthplace of humanity.
Scientists working at the power plant demonstrated how CO2 emissions pumped into the earth could be chemically changed to a solid within months.
Earth’s own large-scale iron fertilization experiments over 500,000 years show adding iron to the equatorial Pacific surface has little effect.
Maureen Raymo, a marine geologist and paleoceanographer whose name is connected with key theories about how ice ages wax and wane and how sea levels change, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
The World Surf League is providing $1.5 million in first-year funding for ocean science at Lamont as part of an innovative new philanthropy called WSL PURE.
Mesoscale turbulence is where most of the kinetic energy in the oceans can be found, and it may play powerful roles in the global climate.
One scientist is focusing on food security and climate shocks. The other is exploring the influence of climate change on droughts and wildfires.
A new study uses sediment cores to track the expansion and retreat of glaciers through time and finds they are more sensitive than realized.
The Indonesian peat fires that have been choking cities across Southeast Asia are creating more than a local health menace—they’re releasing immense stores of CO2.
Scientists have identified 32 water basins where loss of snowpack as temperatures warm is putting the water supplies of large populations at risk.
Using tree rings, a new drought atlas maps the reach and severity of dry and wet periods across Europe and the Mediterranean over the past 2,000 years.
As global temperatures rise, knowing just how far Greenland’s ice sheet shrank in the past could help scientists predict sea level rise in the future.
A new study finds that the Horn of Africa is drying at a rate that is both unusual in the context of the past 2,000 years and in step with human-influenced warming.
Ancient pollen is providing new insights into historic droughts in Southern California, including how a series of mega-droughts that changed the ecological landscape.
Since the late 1980s, the Southern Ocean’s rate of CO2 uptake appeared to have stagnated, alarming scientists. New data shows a recovery.
To understand the impact on the Amazon as global warming produces more intense and frequent droughts, we need to understand its water and carbon cycles.
A new study finds that global warming has measurably worsened the ongoing California drought and holds warnings for the future.
A new study of tree rings from Mongolia dating back more than 1,000 years confirms that recent warming in central Asia has no parallel in any known record.
A team of oceanographers says much of the heat trapped in the atmosphere by greenhouse gases is being soaked up and stored by the oceans–at least for now.
During the second half of the 21st century, the U.S. Southwest and Great Plains will face drought worse than anything seen in times ancient or modern, a new study says.
A team of scientists has published the most comprehensive picture yet of how acidity levels vary across the world’s oceans.